Are medical doctors ( MD or DO) who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of the eye. Following four years of premedical college, four years of medical school, a year long internship, and three years in an ophthalmology residency program. An ophthalmologist will complete special training in all facets of eye care, including prevention, diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of eye conditions and diseases. Ophthalmologists also have the choice of sub-specializing in a specific area of eye care, which will require an additional year or two of training. Some subspecialty fields include: Retina, glaucoma, pediatric ophthalmology and ophthalmic plastic surgery, just to name a few.
Are Doctors of Optometry (O.D) who specialize in medical and vision eye care following four years of college and four years of optometry school. Optometrists also have the choice of sub-specializing in a specific area of eye care, which will require an additional year or two of training.
Most ophthalmologist and optometrist work in unisome to provide their patients total eye care.